Standards for CHI 27 Jan
Advancing the Image
22 Feb
Unlocking the Text 30 March
Entering the Metaverse 26 April
Recordings End 31 July



Series Chair and Program Organizer

Jeanine Nault, Smithsonian Institution

Program Advisory Committee

Peter D. Burns, Burns Digital Imaging
Fenella France, Library of Congress
Tom Rieger, Library of Congress
Don Williams, Image Science Associates
David R. Wyble, Avian Rochester

DigiTIPS 2022

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Join colleagues for a series of 4 seminars with an overarching focus on international standards and guidelines for cultural heritage imaging.

Held once a month—beginning in January 2022—the sessions that comprise this topical meeting follow the same presentation format as IS&T’s annual Archiving conference, with three hours of content and ample time for Q+A, open discussions, and networking with colleagues around the world. The invited talks have been carefully-curated to provide valuable information on topics highly-relevant to cultural heritage professionals.

The series begins with an introduction to international standards and guidelines, and their effect on digitization in cultural heritage over the years. The three following sessions focus on three pillars of the archiving—digitization, access, and preservation—with specific emphasis on “images,” “text,” and “data,” and how standards in digitization impact each.


digiTIPS 2022 is being held online, using GoToTraining software. We suggest downloading the software before your first session to avoid delays in connecting.

Sessions may be purchased separately or as a series; relevant On Demand Short Courses presented at Archiving 2021 may be purchased to supplement the program and viewed at leisure.

All sessions take place from 10:00 - ~15:00 NY time. See individual sessions for complete details.

digiTIPS 2022 Program Overview

Session 1—It’s Not That Hard, but It’s Not that Easy: International Standards and Guidelines for Cultural Heritage

10:00 - 14:30
NY/US Eastern time

International standards and guidelines are the framework around which cultural heritage institutions capture and share digital surrogates of their collections. What are those standards, and how are they changing? Who is using them? How are they being utilized in the field?

This session introduces the current standards, as well as dive deeper into the relevant updates and new guidelines. View talk abstracts

  • Advanced Introduction to Standards and Guidelines: Peter Burns, Burns Digital Imaging
  • US National Archives Digitization Regulations: Michael Horsley, NARA
  • Vendor Compliance: Jim Studnicki, Creekside Digital
  • Sneak Peek at FADGI Still Imaging Updates: Don Williams, Image Science Associates

Session 2—Advancing The Image: Scientific Imaging vs. Digitization

10:00 - 14:30
NY/US Eastern time

In the cultural heritage community, “imaging,” and “digitization,” are sometimes used interchangeably, but are they in fact the same approach? What do scientific (or advanced) imaging and digitization have in common? How do they differ? Do the same standards and guidelines apply to both? Could one approach be improved by deploying some methods of the other?

The session begins with a point/counterpoint discussion on imaging and digitization in cultural heritage collections, with deeper dives on both methods and a moderated discussion among all the speakers. View talk abstracts

  • Point/Counterpoint Imaging vs. Digitization: Is there a Difference? Fenella France and Tom Reiger, Library of Congress
  • Imaging to Support Conservation and Research of Heritage Objects: Keats Webb, Smithsonian Museum Conservation Institute
  • Beyond 3D Geometry and Color: Reproducing Surface-light Interaction: Martin Ritz, Fraunhofer IGD
  • Advancing the Image Through Automation: Michael J. Bennett, University of Connecticut
  • Designing Purposeful Conveyor Automation in Digitization: Peter Grisafi, Picturae 

Session 3—Unlocking the Text: Tools for Taking Text Beyond Just the Image

10:00 - 14:30
NY/US Eastern time

Historically, the digitization of text-based cultural heritage collections has focused on capture and access; now, with advancing tools and growing digital collections, an image of the text is not enough. Today institutions and their users require that text-based collections are searchable, transcribable, and harvestable.

This session discusses informatics tools for new methods of seeing and understanding collections such as OCR, artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning (ML), and data visualization to enhance digitized collections at scale.

While there have been standards and guidelines on the capture of text-based collections for decades, as we continue to grow the needs and abilities of tools like OCR, ML, and AI, are there similar standards for creating these large data sets of cultural heritage texts? View talk details


  • Guiding the Crowd: Community Standards for Transcription Data at Smithsonian Transcription Center: Emily Cain, Smithsonian Institution
  • Crowdsourced Transcription Tools and Methods: Victoria Van Hyning, University of Maryland
  • OCR and AI Case Study: Julie McVey, National Geographic Society, and Doug Peterson, Digital Transitions
  • Building Capacity for Data-Driven Scholarship: Jamie Rogers, Florida International University Libraries
  • History and Machine: Applying Machine Learning to Testimonies of Violence: William Mattingly, Smithsonian Institution Data Science Lab
  • OCR and AI Case Study: Julie McVey, National Geographic Society, and Doug Peterson, Digital Transitions

Session 4—Entering the Metaverse: Collections Data 

10:00 - 14:45
NY/US Eastern time

For cultural heritage institutions, the shift to more remote and/or hybrid work brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic has allowed for increased attention to collections data: cleaning it, crosswalking it, opening it, sharing it, and reconsidering how it describes the institution’s holdings.

This session focuses on methods to expand the usability and authenticity of cultural heritage collections data, such as accessibility initiatives, crosswalking metadata between various schema, and the emerging practice of “reparative cataloging,” which aims to consider and address historical cataloging practices that have excluded, misunderstood, discriminated, or harmed invested communities.  View talk details

Confirmed speakers:

  • Accessibility: Steven D. Booth, Johnson Publishing Group
  • Guidelines for Writing Image Descriptions for Digital Accessibility: Cailin Meyer and James Tiller, Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
  • Doing the Work: Reparative Archival Description at the Getty Research Institute: Lauren McDaniel, Kit Messick, and Sarah Wade, Getty Research Institute
  • Unmuting Your 'Silent Images' with Photo Metadata: Caroline Desrosiers, Scribely; David Riecks and Michael Steidl, IPTC Photo Metadata Working Group
  • Describing and Vibing: Engaging with Museum Guests in the Description Process: Jessica BrodeFrank, Adler Planetarium/ University of London

Additional speakers are being confirmed.

Supplemental On Demand Short Courses

Expand your knowledge by registering for any or all of the following On Demand short courses, recorded at Archiving 2021. Downloadable the course notes provided. View the recordings as often as you like until 31 July 2022. See the Attend tab for fees.

SC04 Best Practices for Implementing a FADGI Compliant Color Digitization Workflow    Instructors: David R. Wyble and Thomas Rieger    Length: 4 hours

SC05 Updated Scanner & Camera Imaging Performance: Ten Commandments    Instructors: Peter Burns & Don Williams    Length: 2 hours

SC06 Digitization of Federal Records to Comply with US National Archives Regulations    Instructors: Michael Horsley and Don Williams     Length: 2 hours

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